How to multitask the right way
As multitasking came up in the last decade, a lot of people have been doing and trying this out. At the first glimpse, multi- tasking seems like a great alternative to mono- activities. By doing several activities at one time, all of them demand less time. So, multi- tasking was often regarded as a tool to increase prouductivity and save time.
The truth is, that multi- tasking often helps neither. Actually, it often rather lessenes the productivity while increasing the amount of needed time.
When doing two activities at once, the brains concentration switches between this activities very often. It focusses on each activity for a very short time and then switches to the other one, what creates the illusion that two activities would be done simultaneously. As the brain needs about 5 to 15 minutes to really focuss and concentrate on a topic intensively, this frequent switches render it this concentration on one activity impossible.
That means, that the thing is done with less conce
ntration, what makes the activity take longer and often leads to mistakes, untidy work or no real fulfillment of the task. Furthermore, the frequent switches cost time and brain power. Although the time of one switch is barely noticable, all the time dedicated to switching one's focus is pretty long, what makes the whole thing take longer. Because it costs the brain so much power to focus and refocus every few seconds, one will feel tired very quickly.
So, the clue in multi- tasking is doing this the right way.
This starts with the selecting of the activities, that want to be done multi- taskingly. Suitable activities are either one activity that does not really demand soncentration and one that needs a bit concentration or two activities demanding almost no concentration. Activities like wipping, hanging out the laundry or eating, that no not need to be done with so much concentration can be done without the brain focussing on them so much. Activities demanding little concentration like writing messages, ordering something or dressing can be done simultaneously.
It is importatnt, that the activities are not demanding the same kind of focus. What I mean by that is, that for example writing messages and listening both demand a mental sense and are hardly compatible. Listening and a phisical activity (like brushing teeth) however, need two types of focus, what makes them compatible.
The brain then can focus on the activity with more concentration demand. It is not so power- consuming because the brain can refocus easily and quickly. This kind of multitasking, when done right, will actually lessen the amount of needed time, as twoactivities are done in the time of one. As te ativities are not demanding so much powere, there is barely productivity that could be in- or decreased.
Another way to do two activities and reduce time is using waiting or pausing breaks. If an activitiy needs some time, while the person can just wait, the other activity can be done. Even if it'S just a short period of time, it will definitely save some time.
I really hope, this post was helpful for you and I'll see you tomorrow.